Why is covetousness the Tenth Commandment (Exodus 20:17)? Covetousness is not listed last because it is somehow the least of sins (James 2:8-11), but because it is “a root of all kinds of evil” (1 Timothy 6:10), covetousness causes people to violate each of the other nine commandments. The sermon outline is available in two formats: Powerpoint (*.PPT) and webpage archive
In the slide show below, my list numbering was altered by the process used to convert the Powerpoint presentation to a slide show. So, if you want a presentation that makes numerical sense, download the Powerpoint.
I. Covetousness: The 10th Commandment
“For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil” 1 Timothy 6:10
II. Exodus 20:3-17, The Ten Commandments, Thou shall…
- Not have any other Gods before ME
- Not make unto thee any graven image
- Not take the name of thy Lord in vain
- Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy
- Honor thy father and thy mother
- Not murder
- Not commit adultery
- Not steal
- Not bear false witness
- Not covet
- •The first four commandments govern our relationship with God. Similarly, Jesus said that the first and great commandment was, “’You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’” (Matthew 22:37-38)
- •The first five govern our relationship to authority. We learn respect for God by first learning to respect our parents.
- •The last six commandments govern our relationships with other people. This can be summed up in Jesus’ command to, “’You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’” (Matthew 22:-39-40)
[Let us examine the relationship that the sin of covetousness has with the other nine sins listed in the Ten Commandments.]
III. Covetousness: The 10th Commandment, a root of all kinds of evil
- Covet – Hebrew verb “chamad” (khaw-mad‘), “to desire, covet, take pleasure in, delight in”
- Exodus 20:17 – “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.”
IV. Covetousness: The 10th Commandment, a root of all kinds of evil
- Covet – Greek verb “epithumeo”, “to fix the desire upon” (epi, “upon,” used intensively, thumos, “passion”), whether things good or bad; hence, “to long for, lust after, covet, …”
- Romans 7:7-8 – epithumeo is translated “covet” & “desire”
- Genesis 3:6 – Eve saw the fruit as desirable (“chamad”)
- James 1:14-15; 1 John 2:16 – lust (“epithumeo”)
3.[According to James, we are tempted by our desires. Isn’t this what happened to Eve?]
- •Eve that the tree was good for food. Her flesh lusted for it.
- •The fruit was pleasant to Eve’s eyes. Her eyes lusted for it.
- •The fruit was desirable to make one wise. Eve’s pride told her she wanted to become wise by eating the fruit.
V. Covetousness: The 10th Commandment, a root of all kinds of evil
Thou shall …
1. Not have any other gods
2. Not make any graven images (idols)
3. Not take the Lord’s name in vain
4. Remember the Sabbath
5. Honor Father & Mother
Covetousness leads to …
1. Micah & Dan (Judges 17-18:24)
2. Colossians 3:4-6
3. Job’s Wife (Job 1:10-11; 2:9)
4. Exodus 20:8-11
5. Corban (Mark 7:9-13); Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-13)
VI. Covetousness: The 10th Commandment, a root of all kinds of evil
Thou shall not …
7. Commit Adultery
9. Bear False Witness (Lie)
Covetousness leads to …
6. Cain (Genesis 4:1-8); Proverbs 1:10-19
7. Exodus 20:17; David (2 Samuel 11:2-4); Ephesians 4:19 (cf. NIV)
8. Jacob (Gen. 27:6-29); Laban (Genesis 31:7,15,41,42); Achan (Joshua 7:21);
9. Gehazi (2 Kings 5:20-27); Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11)
10. 1 Timothy 6:5-10
- NKJV – who, being past feeling, have given themselves over to lewdness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
- NIV – Having lost all sensitivity, they have given themselves over to sensuality so as to indulge in every kind of impurity, with a continual lust for more.
- HCSB – They became callous and gave themselves over to promiscuity for the practice of every kind of impurity with a desire for more and more.
- ESV – They have become callous and have given themselves up to sensuality, greedy to practice every kind of impurity.
- TNIV – Having lost all sensitivity, they have given themselves over to sensuality so as to indulge in every kind of impurity, and they are full of greed.
VII. Covetousness: The 10th Commandment
“For the love of money is aroot of all kinds of evil” 1 Timothy 6:10
[Perhaps covetousness is listed as the last commandment because it can cause man to commit the other nine.]
- Does the prospect of eternal life sound pleasant and delightful to you?
- Do you long for heaven?
- Then you should desire a relationship with Jesus Christ, and covet a good relationship with God.